Monday, January 20, 2020
Databases and Y2K Introduction: Tremendous problems loom just around the corner for organizations that use two-digit years (i.e. 1-9-97). How tough could it be to change the year from 1999 to 2000? The "Year 2000 Problem" cannot be fixed by simply resetting a computer's internal clock on January 1, 2000. Computers may be smart, but their programmers weren't very farsighted. In the '60s and '70s, many businesses were looking to cut costs and because computer storage space was expensive at the time, programmers decided to cut year dates to two digits (i.e., 1969 became 69). It doesn't sound like a major error, but computers are extremely date-sensitive. Computers routinely add and subtract digits in a date to make a variety of logical calculations, ranging from travel reservations to how much interest one has accrued on a savings account. The problem lies in the fact that many computers designate century data using only two digits, 00, and will read 2000 as 1900. And the bug affects more than just computer systems. Many manufacturers have built products with software instructions embedded onto chips; equipment ranging from fax machines to auto assembly lines could all be affected by the bug. What's the Problem? For many organizations, the Year 2000 Problem has become the most complex project management exercise ever undertaken. The reasons for this are multi-factored. For starters, we are less than 13 months away from Year 2000 yet many organizations are just now paying attention to it.1 There is no way to avoid the fact that our information systems are based on a faulty standard that will cost the worldwide computer community billions of dollars in programming effort. This 'bug' touches on all areas of an organization, and the complexity of analyzing and quantifying the scope of the problem, repairing and replacing infected items, conducting adequate testing activities and finally, implementing multiple interrelated hardware, systems and software can be overwhelming. Compounding the difficulty is the lack of awareness in general regarding the potential risks, and the fact that the project is driven by a series of hard dates. In addition, many organizations have further complicated the process by beginning their e Databases and Y2K How might Y2K affect databases that, in turn, affect our everyday lives? Let's take your bank account. As the 1999 turns over to 2000, your bank's computer may calculate that your account deserves an additional 100 year's interest. Of course, it's also possible you may be penalized for being 100 years overdue on your loan payment! Or suppose you have some data records and want to sort them by
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Each of the departments of North Country Auto, Inc. namely, the new cars sales and used cars sales, service, parts, body shop and oil change Ã¢â¬Å"operated as part of one businessÃ¢â¬ before George Liddy bought into the dealership. The Department Managers were paid salaries and a year-end bonus. However, feeling that this system would not motivate employees, he devised a system wherein he could track effectively the departmental performance. For this, he developed a system for so that each department will be treated as decentralized profit centers. This new system requires that cost be broken down per department. Also, the bonuses per each department head will be based on departmental gross profits. So far as the outcome of the new system is concerned, a recent new car purchase sparked friction and disagreements among division heads on the matter of setting of transfer prices and allocation of costs and profits. It was important that as one department aims to maximize profit, it does not negatively affect other departments. Issues that needed to be resolved include setting of transfer prices between departments, formalizing intercompany transactions, the divisional structure (use of profit or cost center), and the proper allocation of company profits among departments. Problem The different departments of North Country Auto, Inc. must choose between three pricing systems: base on market price, full retail better than others, and based on book value. Also, the company must decide whether they should continue treating each department independently in order to gain huge profits considering that the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s incentives are determined upon the departmentÃ¢â¬â¢s earnings. Point of View In this case, we take the point of view of George Liddy, owner of North Country Auto, Inc. Analysis In examining the issues faced by the company, the car purchase discussed in the interdepartmental meeting is used as illustration. Ã¢â¬ ¢ CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s current operation Comparison: -retail full price considered (new car sold for $5200 without any repairs) -book value considered (used car sold for $5200) Revenue Costs Profit new car (full retail price) $14,150 , $11,4 , 20 , $2,7, 30, used car (book value) , 5200, 4800 , 400 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Price-transfer shown by profits guide book value at wholesale and assumed market Price $3,500 , retail price 5200 , trade in allowance 4800 The trade in allowance of $4800 is the value that is essentially believed by the new and used car sales force believes that the car can be sold. Considering the market price of $3500, the calculated profit is $1700. But, it should be recognized that this profit is at the expense of the $1300 profit from the initial transaction. This is due to the difference between the carÃ¢â¬â¢s trade value ($4800) and the market price ($3500). With this, the used car manager must receive the credit or consequences for the profit or loss. This is due to the fact that the used car managers are the appropriate ones to receive incentives in selling the used cars. On the other hand, the new car managers are the ones to receive the incentives in increasing the trade-in value of the cars above the market value. This in turn, makes it easier for people to buy new cars. The illustration above brings up the issue of having the used car manager receive incentives because of the carÃ¢â¬â¢s value determined by the new car manager Explanation on $59000 loss on wholesaling of used cars The loss may have occurred because new car owners are pushing for trade-in car values above market valuations on their used cars. For example, if new cars are sold for $4800 and used cars for $3500, the used car group would have a difficult time making a profit. This is because they may have sold the car for $5200 (as shown in the example above). Most of the time, it will be hard for the used car department to sell the used cars above its book value of $3500. Thus, the used car division may incur loss since they are using cost for the used cars that is too high. Recommendations Incentives should be based on company profits. A better system should be established such that managers of the two departments are given incentives based not on the gross profits of their respective departments but on theÃ profits of the company as a whole. This would help ensure that conflicts of the two departments will be lessened and that the two departments will no longer compete but will work together to enrich the value of the firm. In order to be more profitable, the firm could use blue book values for the trade-in value and use that as the cost to the used car division. However, if it is better for the firm to provide added incentive to customers to trade in their cars, the firm could allow for higher trade-in values but responsibility for those added costs should reside in the new sales division. Regarding the issue of costs, whether it should be at wholesale or retail, it should be considered that North Country is a company offering more on services. The cost of service of making the cars sellable differs minimally from the market price. And these service costs should be added to the cost of used cars in wholesale. The profit on repairs must be akin to competitorÃ¢â¬â¢s values as well as to the industry. QUESTION and ANSWERS 1. Using the data in the transaction, compute the profitability of this one transaction to the new, used, parts, and service departments. Assume a sales commission of $250 for this trade-in on a selling price of $5000. (note : use the following allocations [new,$385; used,$665; parts,$32; service,$114] for overhead expense while computing the profitability of this one transaction. These overhead allocations are also shown as Note 13 in Exhibit 3.) Using the data in the transaction , compute the profitability of this one transaction to the new, used, parts and service departments. Assume a sales commission of $250 for the trade in on a selling price of $5000 2. How should the transfer Ã¢â¬â pricing system operate for each department (market price, full retail, full cost, variable cost)? The transfer pricing system should be operated at full retail . But at the same time care should be taken that the retail transfer price of the repairs should not encourage the used car sales manager to avoid the possibility of losses in her department by wholesaling trade in cars thatÃ could be resold at a profit for the dealership. This cud hurt the dealership by making its deals less attractive for new car customers. Hence while maximizing profits in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s department it should not affect the other departments negatively. 3. If it were found one week later that the trade-in could be wholesaled for only $3000, which manager should take the loss? If the used car is sold at auction for $3,000 after the trade-in value was set at $4,800, the company should note a loss of $1,800. However, if the new car salesman only gives $3,500 of value to the new customer based on the Blue Book value, then the loss reflected on the income statement and balance sheet should only be $500. In the case of the $1800 loss, responsibility should fall on both the new car salesman and the used car salesman. The new car salesman is at fault for giving the customer $4,800 in value when the car was only worth $3,500. The used car salesman is responsible for the additional loss of $500 for being unable to receive market value for the car. If the used car had a trade-in value at Blue Book of $3,500, then the used car salesman alone would be responsible for the loss of $500 in this transaction. 4. North Country incurred a year-to-date loss about $59.000 before allocation of fixed cost on the wholesaling of used cars (see note 2 in Exhibit 3). Wholesaling of used cars is the theoretically supposed to be a break-even operation. Where do you think the problem lies? It is possible that this loss occurred because new car owners were giving customers looking to trade-in existing cars above market valuations on their used cars. If new owners were providing credit for $4,800 for a used car that is worth $3,500, the used car group would have a difficult time making a profit. While there would be times (like the example above) where they could sell the car for $5,200 and still make a profit despite the inflated prices, most of the time they will have difficulty selling the used car above its Blue Book value of $3,500. Therefore, the used car division may be operating at a loss because the cost they are using for the used cars is too high. 5. Should profit centers be evaluated on gross profit or Ã¢â¬Å"full cost: profit? Incentives should be based on company profits. A better system should be established such that managers of the two departments are given incentives based not on the gross profits of their respective departments but on the profits of the company as a whole. This would help ensure that conflicts of the two departments will be lessened and that the two departments will no longer compete but will work together to enrich the value of the firm. 6. What advice do you have for the owners? The owners of the business should make sure the managers of their various groups are properly incented to do what is most profitable for the firm as a whole. Probably, the firm should use blue book values for the trade-in value and use that as the cost to the used car division. However, if it is better for the firm to provide added incentive to customers to trade in their cars, the firm could allow for higher trade-in values but responsibility for those added costs should reside in the new sales division. On the other hand, if a case can be made that the used cars are worth more to this organization than to the market as a whole because they have an ability to consistently sell used cars above blue book value or because the service organization can increase those used cars more than other organizations can at similar cost, the additional costs of allowing trade-ins above Blue Book value might be appropriately split between both the new car and used car divisions.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Ireland and Britain have resorted to the creation of these laws because of the inefficiencies of trade unions to articulate for the rights of employees. Seeing the need to protect employers from their employers, Britain and Ireland introduced these laws, to guide the relationship between the employers and their employees. However, some of these measures have faced resistance from trade unions. For example in Ireland, trade unions are advocating for the enactment of a law that will protect the concept of collective bargaining (HanckeÃ and Studien, 2012). It is important to denote that when a government introduces a minimum wage rate, employers can decide to pay at that rate, even though it is not sufficient. Due to the structure of the market, and the presence of many competitors, employees under this social model do not have better working conditions as those of Continental Europe. There is a high level of inequality between the rich and the poor. This is because of disparity in wages. In order for companies to make a profit, employees are always working for longer working hours, as compared to the countries of Denmark, Germany, and the Netherlands. We will write a custom essay sample on Labour Unions, Wages and Monetary Integration in Continental Europe or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page
Friday, December 27, 2019
Look at your nightly news: nearly every week another major business and sector are targeted- and breached- by cyber attackers that are intent on economic theft and/or operational disruption. Just a few years ago, industrial control system (ICS) operators could never have imagined the malicious attacks cyber adversaries are executing DAILY. The New Reality is clear: technical sophistication of attacks can only be offset by a sound defense-in-depth approach. ICS systems thrive on availability more than confidentiality and integrity (the Ã¢â¬Å"Cyber Security TriadÃ¢â¬ ) which enables the accurate and efficient control of power system assets. Attacks can be directed at either specific electrical systems or common systems owned by multiple assetÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦By concentrating on our infrastructure and the associated vulnerabilities, then we can mitigate threats using Best Practices to correct exploitable vulnerabilities. However, a new breed of threat has emerged: the Advanced Persistent Threat (APT). While future versions of CIP Standards are beginning to address APTs, many entities are not waiting for their defense to be Ã¢â¬Å"mandatedÃ¢â¬ by law. Many entities are preparing by improving their ability to detect threat patterns and designing improved threat response and mitigation. The investment in prevention, detection and correction of cyber threats has emerged as a major governance goal of most power generation and transmission entities. A Defense-in-Depth approach is a multi-layered strategy and tactical assault on the threat vectors facing both the Information Technology (IT) side of the business and the Operational Technology (OT) side. This approach must be coordinated and aligned to achieve significant vulnerability reduction. To begin with, facilities must implement an achievable process that will enlist the support of every team member from the CEO to the operators. This starts with a Cyber Security Plan. Step One- Asset Management: Identification of Data, Devices and Systems It is crucial to understand your cyber environment: hardware, software, operating systems, storage, etc. Attackers frequently take advantage of system hardware that has been
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Case 10: Jake and Privacy Who has moral responsibility for deciding what to do? In this case we are introduced to Jake Markos, a computer programmer at ALAC Marketing. Jake is posed with the ethical dilemma of whether or not to include secret spyware in a survey software heÃ¢â¬â¢s developing for the Diabetes Foundation, with the intention of attaining and marketing to the foundations donorÃ¢â¬â¢s emails. Jake is very much an introverted person and likes his job at ALAC because it challenges him, he can work alone for the most part and dreads the process of job hunting. Jake encountered this ethical dilemma when his boss, Nathan Brooke who is well aware of Jakes capabilities and vulnerabilities, suggests that he should include an extra line of code within a surveying software Jake had been working on.. Nathans intention was to acquire the email information of the wealthy donors of the Diabetes Foundation in order to market Circulex, an expensive pharmaceutical drug beneficial to diabeticÃ¢â¬â¢s blood flow, to them. The Circulex contract was a very profitab le one for ALAC and NathanÃ¢â¬â¢s main objective was to satisfy it. After suggesting Jake add in the spyware to the foundations survey, Nathan then went on to suggest that if Jake didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do it he would have to look for work elsewhere. Knowing JakeÃ¢â¬â¢s docile, introverted personality traits and essentially threatening him with termination, we can already see Nathan manipulating Jake into doing the task, regardless of Jakes moral hesitations.Show MoreRelatedEdward Snowden Kantian Ethics1885 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrelated to global surveillance programs run by the NSA. This has raised multiple ethical issues ranging from national security, information privacy and the ethics behind whistleblowing in general. The reach and impact of these leaks have gone global and have put in question the very government that protects us as well as the extent of the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s rights on privacy. Various foreign governments have begun making changes to their programs and prosecuting man y directly involved in the espionage of the publicRead MoreThe Symbolism of Car in American Culture3516 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesjust a vehicle or a means to get from one point to the next. A car is a symbol, upon which Americans project their dreams, desires, goals, values, beliefs, and identities. In Dagoberto Gilbs short story, Love in L.A., the protagonists name is Jake. Jake envisions his ideal car, with crushed velvet interior, an FM radio, electric controls, and a heater because he could imagine lots of possibilities when he let himself, (p. 432). Jakes vision is more than a vehicle; it is the American Dream epitomizedRead MoreMoral Difficulties Involved in War Reporting3407 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesreporters ever leak and/or publish classified information in a time of war? Arguments opposedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦page 6 Applying principles of Deontology and Utilitarianism to the ethical dilemmaÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦page 8 ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦page 10 BibliographyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...page 11 Introduction Journalists covering wars and conflicts are faced with numerous ethical dilemmas regarding professional codes of conduct, laws regulating national security and personal commitmentsRead MoreThe Media Of A Third Estate3243 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesinstitutions, for example, are quite different from those which obtain between the state and the press or, different yet again, between the state and the cinema. Similarly, the relationship between industry and audience is quite differently articulated in the case of the record industry as compared with the film industry (Myria, 2014). Discussion Access to knowledge is important to the health of democracy for minimum two causes. First, it assures that people make responsible, informed options despite than actingRead MoreThe Reconstructive Obama Essay4311 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pageswere able to detain or deport immigrants who were suspected to be affiliated with acts of terrorism. This also portrays BushÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to get rid of corruption in terms of international and domestic terrorism, at the same time increasing civilian privacy. Ã¢â¬Å"Bush was a believer in a stark Ã¢â¬Ëgood/evil,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëright/wrongÃ¢â¬â¢ division in life and in the world and a framework he continually invoked in defense of his administrationÃ¢â¬â¢s actions domestically and internationally in fighting terrorism.Ã¢â¬ This being saidRead MoreChild Care Level 311778 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pagesteam meeting. Ã¢â" ¶ What enables good communication on these occasions? Ã¢â" ¶ What interferes with or interrupts the communication process? Key terms Confidentiality: ensuring information is only accessible to people who are authorised to know about it Case study the parent Staff (homeÃ¢â¬âSchool) association at elm Lea primary school wants to improve communication with parents whose children are moving up from nursery to the reception class. they decide to put together an information leaflet. they have askedRead MoreCase: Chester Wayne Essay18738 Words Ã |Ã 75 PagesGlobal Sustainability Eastman Kodak Company 2010 Annual Report TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Report Scope 3 Leadership Message 6 Company Profile 10 Goals 12 Performance Data 14 Compliance 15 Sustainability Framework 21 Governance 26 Innovation 31 Stewardship 41 Engagement 50 External Recognition 51 About the Photographs SCOPE OF REPORT SCOPE OF REPORT Kodak is pleased to present our fifth annual Global Sustainability Report, as well as our 21st public report to include health, safety and environmentalRead MoreCase Study for Autism13506 Words Ã |Ã 55 PagesCase Study: Effective Teaching Strategies for a Student with AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s in the General Educational Classroom Elizabeth Addington Durgin George Mason University Abstract At a training session in Loudoun County Public Schools (LCPS) on Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), statistics were shared of the number of students in the school system with an ASD diagnosis. It has become the third most common childhood illness. In the LCPS 10.6% of Individualized Education Programs (IEP) are dedicated toRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesCataloging-in-Publication Data Robbins, Stephen P. Organizational behavior / Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge. Ã¢â¬â 15th ed. p. cm. Includes indexes. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-283487-2 ISBN-10: 0-13-283487-1 1. Organizational behavior. I. Judge, Tim. II. Title. HD58.7.R62 2012 658.3Ã¢â¬âdc23 2011038674 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 DiversityRead MoreMarketing Management Mcq Test Bank53975 Words Ã |Ã 216 Pagesadditional brand extension opportunities E) more inelastic consumer response to price decreases Answer: D Page Ref: 244 Objective: 2 AACSB: Reflective thinking Difficulty: Moderate 3 Copyright Ã © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 10) When a marketer expresses his or her vision of what the brand must be and do for consumers, they are expressing what is called ________. A) a brand promise B) a brand personality C) a brand identity D) a brand position E) a brand revitalization Answer:
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Ex: functional, conglomerate, and divisional. For this list of practices we will use the divisional design. a. Divisional Design aka M form (the M stands for multidivisional): Is made up of separate, semi autonomous units or divisions and each division has its own goals to accomplish. 6) Culture: Refers to the set of values that helps its members understand what the organization stands for how it wants to accomplish what it wants to accomplish, and what it considers important. 7) Human Resource Strategy Implementation: Requires an understanding of undamental individual and interpersonal behavioral process. b. Individual Process: Psychological Contracts; Personality; Motivation; and Stress. c. Organizational system and Process: Understanding of the causes of stress, the process by which stress affects individuals can cope better with stress in organizational settings. d. Interpersonal Group Process: Group Behavior; Leadership; and Communication. Select one (1) the corporate strategies discussed in Chapter 4 and formulate a human resource strategy that will support the corporate strategy. We will write a custom essay sample on Best Practices and Strategies or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Cost leadership strategy is one that focuses on minimizing the cost as much as possible. This strategy allows the firm to charge the lowest possible prices for its products, thereby presumably generating an overall level of revenue. A human resource strategy that will support this corporate strategy would be: a. Efficiency Ratio: keeping expenses low with earnings being high. b. Learning Curve: maintaining training and continues training of employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s. c. Good Purchasing approach: acquiring goods or services to accomplish the goals of the firm. . Maintaining latest technology: helps maintain inventory control, which in return helps ensure products to customers. e. Strategic marketing mix to help ensure market leadership f. Superior customer service: series of activities designed to enhance the level of customer satisfaction. Competitive or above average pay, employee advancement, and employee incentivizes. g. Product leadership: concept which describes delivering state of the art products in the market. Discuss the Fruit Guys business strategy. Identify three (3) other businesses that could use the five (5) questions the Fruit Guys used to determine effectiveness and identify three (3) businesses in which the business strategy would not work well. Provide a rationale for your answer. The business strategy that the Fruit Guys uses is the defender strategy. Defender strategy: works best when a business operates in an environment with relatively little uncertainty and risk and high degree of stability. The goal of the defender is to identify for itself a relatively narrow niche in the market and then to direct a limited set of products or services at he niche. After reviewing the website of the Fruit Guys, their niche is to provide fresh Ã¢â¬Å"healthy brain foodÃ¢â¬ as the fruit guys refer to it as such to the premises of the workplace. As healthy foods to the office Ã¢â¬Å"can boost productivity, improve wellness and help companies improve their bottom lineÃ¢â¬ . The Fruit Guys fills thousands of business of businesses in America with seasonal fresh fruit varying from small family businesses, to major Fortune 500 companies. With their customers sharing their idea on health, and the environment, this helps bring stability to the company, while their employees bring in pride, giving high productivity levels. The five questions that the Fruit Guys have based their strategy on is: I. Have we been respectful to the people we work with employees, coworkers, and customers? II. Have we been responsible to their needs? III. Have we been realistic with them about what we can or cannot do? IV. Can we take personal responsibility for the situation? V. Are we going to be remembered positively? Three companies that could use the five questions to work for their businesses are: a) Car Dealerships (especially Used Car dealerships) b) Construction Companies c) Cleaning Company Three Companies that would not benefit from the use of the five questions are: a) Jc PennyÃ¢â¬â¢s b) Walmart c) BJÃ¢â¬â¢S Wholesale Club (ex: Costco) My reasoning behind my choices for the use of the five questions are these companies are more handÃ¢â¬â¢s on with their companies, and actually rely on word of mouth business and repeat business. Without these referrals and repeat business these companies would have to rely a lot on marketing and advertising strategies. My reasoning behind my choices for these businesses that would not benefit from the five questions is because these companies are very well expanded. With many stores in many different locations of one state and through-out many states these companies do not rely on word of mouth or repeat business. As their marketing strategies, advertising strategies, and sales are what continuously brings in repeat customer, and new customers.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Understanding the Predictions of Nostradamus In Regards to Women Physician and prophet Michel de Nostradame lived in the first part of the sixteenth century. To understand these prophecies one must first understand the position of women in the sixteenth century. During the sixteenth century there was very little a woman could do. Men dominated most aspects of women's social, political, and religious lives. Women were treated as if they were inferior to men. They were treated like possessions. In religion the Catholic Church was the dominant force in the Renaissance. The Church was, of course, run by the Pope, a man. Women were burned as witches "for ?crimes' that could be as minor as a local act of feminine healing, or even the choice made by a single woman to live alone (9)." The Reformation brought no relief for women. In fact the Protestant Reformation may have actually harmed women. Catholic leaders took it upon themselves to start Inquisitions in France, Italy, and most notably, Spain. Any kind of deviant behavior could be defined as a crime during this time. Women were considered "flawed" to begin with?They not only used their sexuality to entice men from the path of God but they also were the daughters of Eve, the originator of sin. Also many passages in the Bible were mistranslated to be anti-women. Some believe that this "mistranslation" was a deliberate attempt by the Catholic Church to keep the society male dominated. Michel de Nostradame was born in 1503 in St. Remy, Provence, France. His family were originally Jewish until they converted to avoid persecution from the Catholics. Although they converted, they, along with many other Christian "converts", were viewed with suspicion. From early childhood Nostradamus was exposed to "pagan" studies of the occult, alchemy, and astrology. He understood that he had to be careful because the Catholic Church didn't approve of these studies. He studied to be a doctor at the University of Montpellier. After he was done with his studies he decided to try to find a cure to the dreaded bubonic plague that continually swept across France. This may have been of interest to him because of the early death of his first wife, who is thought to have died in one such wave. While he didn't cure the bubonic plague, he did further medicine with the discovery of natural remedies such "as dried and crushed rose petals in capsules placed under the tongue of the sufferer to release Vitamin C into the blood (15)." He wrote a collection of "prophetic rhymed quatrains, written between 1555 and 1558 (15)" called Centuries. Nostradamus predicted the rise and fall of modern Communism and other key events in the future including the twentieth century. He named some individuals such as Napoleon and Hitler. But the real subject of the paper would have to be how Nostradamus predicted the change of circumstance for women. Many of Nostradamus' "prophecies are obscurely written and heavily camouflaged with ancient languages, strange references to contemporary events, which act as metaphors for future significance, as well as anagrams (16)." This was mostly done to avoid detection in his own lifetime and probably to sound more profound. "New law to occupy the new land Towards Syria, Judea, and Palestine: The great barbarian empire of men to decay, Before the Moon completes its cycle (47)." -Century 3:97 It is told to us in the book "Nostradamus- Prophecies for Women" that the term "new land" refers to the Americas. The "new law" can be related to the "barbarian empire of men" as that it could represent that men will have a different place in the Americas. The moon's cycle can be construed to have a "feminine" connection. Phrased a bit more simply: The Americas could be a source of a lunar rising of consciousness at a time when the male dominated religion and law is at its all time peak. The rule of men will start to crumble before the evolution of woman is complete. Nostradamus also predicted that democracy would replace the autocracies of his time. He also thought that women would start to slowly take their place in these new democracies and that would influence a new order. These women would change the laws to be more equal in gender. "With a name so timid will she be